[Marxism] Socialist Voice: Morales election is a victory for

dwalters at marxists.org dwalters at marxists.org
Sat Mar 11 17:37:27 MST 2006

In reply to Marvin, I think the one is mixes oranges and apples here, not to
mention that Venezuelan oil was *already* nationalized back in the 1970s
(completely and totally, BTW). So if there is a model for Morales to follow in
Venezuela, it would have to start at this period *first* then start looking at
the current situation.

The countries are so different that it borders on a flight of fancy to apply, at
least mechanically, the type of relationship that Chavez has organized for
between his country's *nationalized* petroleum reserves, pumping, pipelines and
refinery processing and the transnational oil companies on the one hand and
Bolivia, which still imports gasoline and processed petroleum products. I have
no doubt in my mind that had Chavez faced a totally privatized hydro-carbon
situation a few years ago, then expropriation would of been the order of
day...because the masses would of demanded it, just like they do now in
Bolivia. People all over Bolivia are debating the deals Morales cut with the
Spanish now, and the debate is all over the place, needless to say.

What Venezuela had to do was a form of 'renationalization', that is, take PdVSA
which was state owned, stop it's privatization, replace it's
bourgois-technocrat management, and make part of the Venezuelan nation, again.
>From this point, the role of non-Venezuelan oil companies wishing to invest *in
a state own oil reserve*, using a State owned virtically integrated hydro-carbon
infrastructure,  could be negotiated, easily, from a position of strength
[Which, it should be pointed out, are now run largely by two pro-gov't unions
in the oil fields, refineries, pumping stations and ports].

Back to Bolivia. So, this nation is not even close to Venezuela in it's
hyrocarbon infrastructure, which is underinvested in, and pumps some natural
gas now to Brazil, but only about 8% of what it could. The region that the NG
is located has just been granted "autonomy" to some degree, which will no doubt
hinder the ability of the State to extract all the surplus value it could (as it
happens, Chavez, in contrast, is attempting to smash, politically, a seperatist
movement in the oil-producing region of that country, and not to encourage it).


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