[A-List] Fw: Gaining Control of Russian Oil

Jim Yarker sjy_estrien at sympatico.ca
Tue Oct 26 06:36:23 MDT 2004

----- Message d'origine -----
De : "Gregory Elich" <gelich at worldnet.att.net>
À : "Jim Yarker" <sjy_estrien at sympatico.ca>; <GeorgeSzamuely at aol.com>
Envoyé : Tuesday, October 26, 2004 6:53 AM
Objet : Gaining Control of Russian Oil

> Sanders Research Associates (Britain)
> October 11, 2004
> by John Laughland
> The fax-back service for pre-written newspaper
> articles must have been working overtime these last
> few weeks at Langley, Virginia. A flood of articles
> has appeared in the press attacking the Russian
> president, Vladimir Putin, especially in the wake of
> the Beslan massacre. They all have the same structure.
> Whenever you read the words, "Nothing can excuse the
> murder of children," you know that a big "But" is
> looming. Such articles invariably go on to explain why
> the murder of children is indeed understandable, and
> the reason usually given is Russian authoritarianism,
> against which the Chechen rebellion is natural and
> legitimate.[i]
> During the reign of Chechen leader Djokar Dudaev,
> while Boris Yeltsin was president, and while the West
> was happily looting Russia, the Chechens were often
> described in the Western press as a bunch of bandits
> and Mafia gangsters. As recently as 2001, indeed,
> President Bush said that Vladimir Putin was a man he
> could trust - as if world leaders required or enjoyed
> such benediction from the world emperor. But those
> events are in the past, and Russia is now instead
> branded a dictatorship. Colin Powell gave an interview
> to Reuters on 14th September in which he berated Putin
> for rolling back democracy and instructed him to seek
> a political solution to the Chechen question, in whose
> cause schoolchildren had been shot in the back while
> trying to escape their captors. [ii] That the US
> administration has now formally turned against Russia,
> precisely at the moment when the terrorist threat
> against her is there for the whole world to see, both
> explains this sudden glut of articles by pro-US
> journalists and also poses the question:  "Why?"
> One of the articles, perhaps inadvertently, spilt the
> beans. The Chechen leader Ahmed Zakayev wrote in The
> Wall Street Journal on 29th September 2004 [iii] that
> "The West has a clear choice. It can continue to
> support the KGB dictatorship of Mr. Putin, *which
> sooner or later will turn against the West and side
> with its enemies through its strategic goal of
> undermining the "unipolar" world order and keeping oil
> prices high.* Or it can change course and insist on
> resolving the Chechen conflict through negotiated
> settlement." (my italics).
> In other words, the "negotiated settlement" in
> Chechnya, which the US Secretary of Defence, Colin
> Powell, has instructed the Russian government to seek,
> is the way to prevent Russia from ever
> counter-balancing the United States in world affairs,
> and to get the oil price down.
> Where is the connection? Chechnya borders Georgia, and
> Georgia, like Azerbaidjan, is on the fast track to
> join NATO. There are already hundreds of US troops in
> Georgia, training the local forces. They are there for
> two reasons: first, to protect the US-built
> Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline; secondly - and this
> follows from the first - to assist Georgia in
> recuperating her two secessionist territories, South
> Ossetia and Abkhazia. It will not do to have Russia
> anywhere close to the pipeline, and she has troops in
> both these areas. Pushing Russia comprehensively out
> of the Caucasus, and humiliating her, requires victory
> for the Chechens. An independent Chechnya may also be
> the prelude to the longer-term break-up of Russia
> herself: the CIA predicted that oil-rich Siberia might
> escape Moscow's control in its report, Global Trends
> 2015, published in April.
> This imperative of getting the oil price down, and of
> establishing control over the sources and transport of
> hydrocarbons, and has become all the more urgent as
> the situation in Iraq deteriorates. Oddly enough, it
> was Mikhaïl Khodorkovsky, the now-imprisoned Russian
> oil billionaire, who first drew my attention to the
> true American war aims in Iraq, when Chris Sanders and
> I met him in September 2002.[iv] Khodorkovksy feared
> that if the US gained control of the Iraqi oilfields,
> it would pump out so much oil that the price would
> fall to $12 a barrel. This, he told me, would destroy
> the Russian oil industry and Russia herself. His worst
> fears have gone unfulfilled for one simple reason:
> the unexpected tenacity of the Iraqi resistance.
> This is why US strategists are now looking to make up
> for the mistakes they have so spectacularly made in
> Iraq. It is this, and not any real change in the
> internal political situation in Russia, which explains
> the West's turn against Putin: the West needs to gain
> control of Russian oil. The West's failure in Iraq is
> as striking as its success in Eastern Europe. The
> former communist states of Europe have now been
> comprehensively colonised by the US and its European
> allies. The political penetration of them is now
> total, as became clear in February 2003, when the US
> was able to call on heads of state and government in
> every single East European member of the EU and NATO
> to produce an open letter supporting the impending
> Anglo-American attack on Iraq, at a time when the
> whole of the rest of the world was lining up against
> it. Even (perhaps particularly) the Bosnian Serbs,
> whose terrifying 'nationalism' - according to the New
> World Order fairy-tale version of events - is supposed
> to have set the Balkans alight in the 1990s, have
> shown no desire whatever to get rid of the American
> military bases implanted in their midst since then.
> The fact that the height of Slavic resistance to the
> command "Jump!" is to ask for permission to smoke
> another cigarette first was undoubtedly the reason why
> American strategists were notoriously convinced that
> colonising Iraq would be 'a cakewalk'. Russia also
> presents the advantage of being the second or third
> largest producer of oil in the world (after Saudi
> Arabia and perhaps Iraq) and having the world's
> biggest reserves.
> Simultaneously, efforts are being redoubled to crank
> into action the various pipelines which are supposed
> to transport Caspian oil to Western markets. One of
> these is the Brody pipeline which runs between the
> Ukrainian town of that name and the Black Sea port of
> Odessa (a Russian city but also in Ukraine). The Brody
> pipeline was initially supposed to take US-controlled
> Caspian oil to Western markets, but it has instead
> been pumping Russia oil, something the Americans do
> not like.[v] So the New World Order strategists are
> determined to put their man in control of Ukraine, at
> the presidential election on 31st October. Huge
> influence, and presumably money, is being pumped in to
> ensure a victory for Victor Yushchenko. Paul Wolfowitz
> said in Warsaw on 5th October that Ukraine should join
> NATO;[vi] Mark Brzezinski and Richard Holbrooke have
> rattled their sabres over Ukraine,[vii] and Anders
> Aslund, the architect of Yelstin's mass larceny, has
> eloquently outlined the West's strategic interest in
> that country.[viii]
> These national strategic interests are, as ever,
> supported by the private interests of the powerful
> people lobbying for this new anti-Putin policy. They
> include people like David Owen and Jacob Rothschild:
> the former is Yukos' representative in Britain, the
> latter put up much of Khodorkovsky's original money,
> and sits (together with Henry Kissinger) on the board
> of the Open Russia Foundation, a Yukos front.[ix] They
> also include Anders Aslund, one of the signatories of
> the AEI's Open Letter, who works for the Carnegie
> Endowment for International Peace, which is funded by
> Yukos.[x]  Conoco Phillips - the strategic ally of
> Chevron, on whose board Condoleezza Rice sat for many
> years - has recently announced a "strategic alliance"
> with Lukoil, the second largest private oil company in
> the world,[xi] and Conoco Phillips is said to want a
> controlling stake in the Russian company.[xii] Before
> Khodorkovsky's arrest, indeed, it was said that he
> wanted to sell Yukos to an American company.
> Cheap oil is a matter of life and death for the US,
> and it is a matter of considerable personal importance
> to many powerful people. The maintenance of a
> US-dominated unipolar world, especially in monetary
> affairs, is also an absolute imperative. Anything
> which stands in the way of these imperatives must be
> crushed - and Russia stands in the way of both.
> -------------------------------------------------------------------
> [i] Examples of this genre have been:  the Open Letter
> signed by one hundred politicians and intellectuals
> and published on the American Enterprise Institute web
> site. "An Open LetterTo the Heads of State and
> Government Of the European Union and NATO",
> http://www.aei.org/news/newsID.21294/news_detail.asp
> The signatories are:  *Mr. Urban Ahlin, Member of
> Parliament, Sweden; The Honorable Giuliano Amato,
> Former Prime Minister, Italy; Dr. Uzi Arad, Institute
> for Policy and Strategy, Israel; Dr. Timothy Garton
> Ash, St. Antony's College, Oxford, United Kingdom; Dr.
> Anders Aslund, Carnegie Endowment for International
> Peace, United States; Dr. Ronald D. Asmus, The German
> Marshall Fund of the United States, United States; Mr.
> Rafael L. Bardaji, Strategic Studies Group, Spain;
> Prof. Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, Former Foreign Minister,
> Poland; Dr. Arnold Beichman, Hoover Institution,
> United States; Dr. Jeff Bergner, Former Staff
> Director, U.S. Senate, United States; The Honorable
> Joseph R. Biden, Senator, United States Mr. Carl
> Bildt, Former Prime Minister, Sweden; Mr. Max Boot,
> The Council on Foreign Relations, United States; Ms.
> Ellen Bork, Project for the New American Century,
> United States; Mr. Pascal Bruckner, Writer, France;
> Mr. Mark Brzezinski, McGuire Woods LLP, United States;
> Mr. Reinhard Buetikofer, Chairman, Green Party,
> Germany; Dr. Janusz Bugajski, Center for Strategic and
> International Studies, United States; Sir Michael
> Butler, Former Permanent Representative to the
> European Community, United Kingdom; The Honorable
> Martin Butora, Former Ambassador, Slovakia; Mr.
> Daniele Capezzone, Italy; The Honorable Per Carlsen,
> Institute of International Affairs, Denmark; Ms.
> Gunilla Carlsson, Member of Parliament, Sweden; Dr.
> Ivo Daalder, Brookings Institution, United States; The
> Honorable Massimo D'Alema, Former Prime Minister,
> Italy; Mr. Pavol Demes, Former Foreign Minister,
> Slovakia; Dr. Larry Diamond, United States; His
> Excellency Philip Dimitrov, Former Prime Minister,
> Bulgaria; Mr. Thomas Donnelly, American Enterprise
> Institute, United States; Mr. Nicholas Eberstadt,
> American Enterprise Institute, United States; Mr. Uffe
> Ellemann-Jensen, Former Foreign Minister, Denmark; Ms.
> Helga Flores Trejo, Heinrich Böll Foundation of North
> America, United States; Dr. Francis Fukuyama, United
> States; Dr. Jeffrey Gedmin, Aspen Institute Berlin,
> Germany; Prof. Bronislaw Geremek, Former Foreign
> Affairs Minister and Member of European Parliament,
> Poland; Dr. Carl Gershman, National Endowment for
> Democracy, United States; The Honorable Marc Ginsberg,
> United States; Mr. Andre Glucksmann, Writer, France;
> Dr. Phil Gordon, Brookings Institution, United States;
> The Honorable Karl-Theodor von und zu Guttenberg,
> Member of Parliament, Germany; The Honorable Istvan
> Gyarmati, Institute for Euro-Atlanticism and
> Democracy, Hungary; Mr. Pierre Hassner, Center for
> International Studies and Research, France; His
> Excellency Vaclav Havel, Former President, Czech
> Republic; The Honorable Richard C. Holbrooke, Former
> Ambassador to the United Nations, United States; The
> Honorable Toomas Ilves, Former Foreign Minister and
> Member of European Parliament, Estonia; Mr. Bruce
> Jackson, Project on Transitional Democracies, United
> States; Dr. Donald Kagan, Yale University, United
> States; Mr. Robert Kagan, United States; Mr. Jerzy
> Kozminski, Former Ambassador to the United States,
> Poland; Mr. Craig Kennedy, The German Marshall Fund of
> the United States, United States; Ms. Glenys Kinnock,
> Member of European Parliament, United Kingdom; Dr.
> Bernard Kouchner, Former UN Special Envoy to Kosovo,
> France; Dr. Ivan Krastev, Center for Liberal
> Strategies, Bulgaria; Mr. William Kristol, Project for
> the New American Century, United States; The Honorable
> Girts Valdis Kristovskis, Former Minister of Defense,
> Latvia; Prof. Dr. Ludger Kuehnhardt, University of
> Bonn, Germany; The Honorable Mart Laar, Former Prime
> Minister, Estonia; The Honorable Vytautas Landsbergis,
> former President and Member of European Parliament,
> Lithuania; Dr. Stephen Larrabee, RAND Corporation,
> United States; Mr. Mark Leonard, The Foreign Policy
> Center, United Kingdom; The Honorable Sabine
> Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger, Member of European
> Parliament, Germany; Mr. Tod Lindberg, Policy Review,
> United States; Mr. Tom Malinowski, Human Rights Watch,
> United States; Mr. Will Marshall, Progressive Policy
> Institute, United States; Prof. Dr. Margarita
> Mathiopoulos, University of Potsdam, Germany; Mr.
> Clifford May, United States; The Honorable John
> McCain, Senator, United States; Dr. Michael McFaul,
> United States; Mr. Matteo Mecacci, Italy; Mr. Mark
> Medish, Former Senior Director of the National
> Security Council, United States; Prof. Dr. Thomas O.
> Melia, Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, United
> States; Dr. Sarah E. Mendelson, United States; Mr.
> Michael Mertes, Dimap Consult, Germany; The Honorable
> Ilir Meta, Former Prime Minister, Albania; Mr. Adam
> Michnik, Gazeta Wyborcza, Poland; The Honorable
> Richard Morningstar, Former Ambassador to the EU,
> United States; Dr. Joshua Muravchik, American
> Enterprise Institute, United States; Gen. Klaus
> Naumann (ret.), Former Chairman NATO Military
> Committee, Germany; The Honorable Dietmar Nietan,
> Member of Parliament, Germany; Mr. James O'Brien,
> Former Presidential Envoy to the Balkans, United
> States; The Honorable Janusz Onyszkiewicz, Member of
> European Parliament, Poland; The Honorable Cem
> Ozdemir, Member of European Parliament, Germany; Dr.
> Can Paker, Turkish Economic and Social Studies
> Foundation, Turkey; Ambassador Mark Palmer, Capital
> Development Company, LLC, United States; Mr. Martin
> Peretz, United States; The Honorable Dr. Friedbert
> Pflueger, Member of Parliament, Germany; Ms. Danielle
> Pletka, American Enterprise Institute, United States;
> Mr. Florentino Portero, Strategic Studies Group,
> Spain; Ms. Samantha Ravich, Phd, Long Term Strategy
> Project, United States; The Honorable Janusz Reiter,
> Center for International Relations, Poland; The
> Honorable Alex Rondos, Former Ambassador, Greece; The
> Honorable Jim Rosapepe, Former Ambassador to Romania,
> United States; Dr. Jacques Rupnik, Center for
> International Studies and Research, France; Prof. Dr.
> Eberhard Sandschneider, German Council on Foreign
> Relations, Germany; Mr. Randy Scheunemann, Project for
> the New American Century, United States; Dr. Gary
> Schmitt, Project for the New American Century, United
> States; Dr. Simon Serfaty, Center for Strategic and
> International Studies, United States; The Honorable
> Stephen Sestanovich, United States; Mr. Radek
> Sikorski, American Enterprise Institute, United
> States; Mr. Stefano Silvestri, Institute for
> International Affairs, Italy; Mr. Martin Simecka,
> Editor, Slovakia; Dr. Gary Smith, American Academy in
> Berlin, Germany; Dr. Abraham Sofaer, Hoover
> Institution, United States; Mr. James Steinberg, The
> Brookings Institution, United States; Mr. Gary Titley,
> Member of European Parliament, United Kingdom; Mr.
> Ivan Vejvoda, Fund for Open Society, Serbia; The
> Honorable Sasha Vondra, Former Deputy Foreign
> Minister, Czech Republic; Dr. Celeste Wallander,
> Center for Strategic and International Studies, United
> States; Prof. Ruth Wedgwood, United States; Dr.
> Richard Weitz, Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis,
> United States; Mr. Kenneth Weinstein, Hudson
> Institute, United States; Ms. Jennifer Windsor,
> Freedom House, United States; Mr. R. James Woolsey,
> United States.
> Other examples include "Violence begets violence" by
> Khassan Baiev in The Boston Globe on 13th September
> 2004, http://www.iht.com/articles/538399.html, and the
> delightfully hallucinogenic piece by Richard Holbrooke
> and Mark Brzezinski (nephew of Zbigniew) in The
> Financial Times of 7th October 2004, calling for
> "tough love" to be visited on Russia. There are many
> more such pieces listed on the web site of the
> American Committee for Peace in Chechnya,
> http://www.peaceinchechnya.org/
> [ii] Interview with Reuters, 14th September 2004,
> http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/36177.htm
> [iii] "Putin's Sudetenland," Reprinted at:
> [iv] See my interview with Khodorkovsky, The
> Spectator, 28th September 2002.
> [v] "Brody Pipeline "Could Still Pump Caspian Oil" -
> Official", 20th August 2004,
> http://www.caspianstudies.com/recent%20event%20(20%20aug.).htm
> [vi] Agence France-Presse, 5th October 2004
> [vii] Financial Times, 7th October 2004
> [viii] "Ukraine at a Crossroads," Washington Post,
> 29th September 2004,
> http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/index.cfm?fa=view&id=15893
> [ix] http://www.openrussiafoundation.com/
> [x] See the list of donors,
> http://www.carnegieendowment.org/about/index.cfm?fa=funding
> [xi]
> http://www.conocophillips.com/news/nr/092904_moscow.asp
> [xii]
> http://www.businessreport.co.za/index.php?fArticleId=2206276

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